What Is Pregnancy Gingivitis?
During pregnancy, there is a change in the hormones (generally from an increase in estrogen,) which can cause the gum tissues to be more inflamed and tender. This is a common symptom of pregnancy and is called pregnancy gingivitis. Often pregnancy gingivitis will occur in the first or second trimester but can occur at any point during pregnancy and even into nursing. Some women experience pregnancy gingivitis, and some women do not. The symptoms of pregnancy gingivitis can be managed with regular and proper oral care. Pregnancy gingivitis will go away after birth and nursing or when hormone levels return to normal.
Signs and Symptoms
- Red, puffy, inflamed gum tissue around the teeth
- Gums that are more susceptible to bleeding when brushing and flossing
- Gums that are more tender or sensitive to brushing and flossing
- More bleeding and inflammation than usual in response to a small amount of plaque
- Gum tumours, which are growths of gum tissue usually localized between teeth
- Bad breath may or may not be present
- In severe cases, there is a breakdown of gum and bone support, leading to gum disease and even loose teeth, but this is rare
Prevention Of Pregnancy Gingivits
It is essential to maintain proper brushing and flossing habits during pregnancy. Make sure to brush your teeth at least twice a day and to floss at least once a day, even if there is some bleeding and it is more tender than usual. Use a CDA approved mouthwash to reduce the total number of oral bacteria. Make sure you are eating a balanced diet that is rich in nutrients and vitamins. It may also be recommended to see your dentist and dental hygienist more frequently for dental cleanings and checkups, depending on the symptoms.