Posts for category: mississauga dentist
What is Involved in a Dental Cleaning?
A professional dental cleaning is when all the plaque, tartar, and staining is removed from tooth surfaces by a licenced dental professional, such as a dental hygienist or a dentist. Bacteria consistently build upon all tooth surfaces, above and below the gum line from saliva and the foods we eat and drink throughout the day. Certain foods promote heavier plaque accumulation, such as sugary and acidic foods. A toothbrush and dental floss's job is to help remove bacteria from the tooth and gum surfaces before it hardens and turns into tartar, which then can only be cleaned off at your routine dental cleanings with special tools. To help remove plaque and tartar, your dental hygienist will use small hooked instruments called scalers and sometimes a machine that sprays water. A polishing tool will be used to remove any external staining on the tooth surfaces. In addition to the cleaning, an oral assessment will be performed to check for any signs of infection, inflammation, cavities and lesions.
Importance of Routine Dental Cleanings
Plaque, tartar and staining are removed by your dental professional that you cannot access and remove at home using a toothbrush, dental floss or any other dental hygiene aids. Once plaque and tartar build-up on your teeth, bacteria continue to accumulate, which causes deposits to grow, causing damage to your gums and teeth. This can lead to tooth decay and gum disease if left untreated. Your dental professional can also catch cavities in their early stages, preventing unnecessary pain and suffering. In addition, your dental professional can provide individualized tips and tricks for keeping your teeth and gums clean between appointments.
Recommended Frequency of Dental Cleanings
Each patient has his or her own unique and individual needs. Typically, it is not recommended to go longer than 6-9 months without a professional dental cleaning. This frequency would be recommended for patients with good oral hygiene habits that have healthy teeth and gums. More frequent dental cleanings are recommended for patients who show signs of gum disease or tooth decay and who may not have good at-home oral hygiene habits. Other conditions that require more frequent cleanings may include gum recession, high cavity risk, past gum disease, current braces and immune-compromised patients. It is important to discuss your recommended cleaning frequency with your dental professional.
If you believe you may be due for a cleaning or have any questions about professional dental cleanings, we encourage you to contact us today to schedule an appointment.
Facial pain is any ache or discomfort experienced in the face or head and is typically categorized into four subtypes, which include:
- Dental pain (problems with the teeth and gums)
- Nerve pain (problems with the facial nerves)
- TMJ pain (temporomandibular joint or associated musculature issues)
- Vascular pain (problems with the blood vessels and blood flow)
Listed below are several common causes of facial pain.
A headache is a pain or soreness associated with any part of the face, head and even neck. Several headaches may cause facial pain, including ice pick headaches, cluster headaches, and migraine headaches.
Past or present trauma can cause facial pain if the injury leads to damage to the facial nerves. Facial injuries can occur from cuts, lacerations and blows. Symptoms of facial nerve injuries include tingling, numbness and even localized paralysis.
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ for short) is the joint that connects the upper and lower jaws, creating movement. A disorder with the joint occurs when there is any pain or decrease in motion. Symptoms of TMJ disorders include jaw pain, jaw stiffness, clicking or a locking jaw, or decreased mobility of the joint. Some treatment options include pain medication, a nightguard to reduce/prevent clenching and jaw exercises.
This disorder causes chronic pain affecting the trigeminal nerve, which is located in the face. This disorder usually only affects one side of the face and can occur in the scalp, forehead, lips, cheeks or jaw. Chewing, tooth brushing or even touching the face can trigger the pain. The cause of this disorder is compression or pressure on the nerve caused by nerve damage. Treatment options include pain medications or surgery.
When bacteria enter the nerve or blood supply of a tooth, a dental abscess will occur. Large cavities, old dental fillings and tooth trauma can all cause a dental abscess. Symptoms include pain, fever, swelling and a bad taste in the mouth. Treatment for a dental abscess depends on the cause and mean taking antibiotics, a root canal treatment or extraction.
This occurs when there is inflammation of the sinuses, which are small cavities in the face behind the nose, cheeks and forehead. Sinusitis can be caused by a head cold or allergies, which lead to congestion and pressure in the sinuses. Sinusitis often clears up on its own with time.
Sialadenitis is a condition in which the oral salivary glands become infected. This condition typically affects the glands in the floor of the mouth or the large gland in the cheek. Symptoms include pain, fever, pus and swelling. Treatment is typically a round of antibiotics and drinking plenty of water to promote salivary flow.
It is essential to see a doctor or dentist if you have facial pain that is persisting or is accompanied by fever, swelling or tiredness. If you have any questions about the cause of facial pain, we encourage you to contact us today to schedule an appointment.
When you get braces on your teeth, it can be much more challenging to keep things clean, and there will be more tools recommended for you to use daily to keep your teeth and gums healthy. Braces make it more challenging to clean your teeth because of the brackets, bands, archwires, elastics and any other hardware that gets added to help move your teeth. Listed below are several tools you can use to help keep your teeth, gums and the braces clear from plaque accumulation:
An electric toothbrush is highly recommended when wearing dental braces because it can access more nooks and crannies and do a better job brushing than a manual toothbrush. It is tough to angle a manual toothbrush around the brackets correctly, and often the gum line is missed. An electric toothbrush helps to get into those tricky areas and can do more brush strokes in 2 minutes of brushing than you can do with a manual toothbrush.
A water flosser is a floss aid that helps to flush out bacteria from between your teeth and around your brackets and bands. A water flosser uses a jet of water (or you can put mouthwash into it) that you angle around your braces and gums to help keep them clean.
Superfloss/ Floss Threaders
These are both aids to help you use manual floss. Because the archwire prevents you from accessing between your teeth with regular floss, you need something to help you get the floss between your teeth from the side. These aids have a hard end on them to help you push the floss through the front teeth rather than going in from the top.
This is a small brush that is shaped like a Christmas tree that helps to remove plaque from between brackets. The brush is used to access underneath the archwire to clean the brackets' sides, where it is easy for food debris and plaque to be trapped.
Remember, while wearing dental braces, it is essential to have regular check-ups and cleanings with your dentist and dental hygienist to make sure your teeth and gums are healthy.
If you have any questions about how to clean your teeth while wearing dental braces, we encourage you to contact us today to schedule an appointment.